Unveiling Cold War Dynamics in Latin America: the Camelot Project


  • Lara Semboloni History and Institutions of the Americas, Università Degli Studi Di Siena, Center for comparative area studies ASAFAL, Italy
  • Marcella Aline Toledo Libera Università degli Studi Maria Ss. Assunta di Roma Lumsa, ASAFAL, Italy


Camelot Project, Cold War, Chile, Behavioral Science, U.S.-Latin American Relations


This article explores the historical context and implications of a controversial U.S. initiative during the Cold War aimed at analyzing and preventing revolutions and uprisings in less developed regions, particularly in Latin America. Emerging in the aftermath of the Cuban Revolution, the Camelot Project was driven by concerns about the spread of leftist movements in the region. It was developed in 1964 and it sought to understand and anticipate social changes through empirical research, with a focus on behavioral science and psychology. However, its implementation raised accusations of interference and espionage, leading to tensions between the U.S. and Chile, culminating in its rejection by the Chilean government and a Congressional investigation. The article analyzes the project's objectives and methodology and discusses the implications of its termination in 1965, its impact on perceptions of U.S. foreign policy in Latin America, and its role in shaping authoritarian responses to perceived communist threats in the region. The Camelot Project served as a poignant chapter in the political and social history of Latin America, illustrating the intricate interplay between global geopolitical interests and the aspirations for self-determination of individual nations in the region.




How to Cite

Unveiling Cold War Dynamics in Latin America: the Camelot Project. (2024). European Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(1), 132-143. https://revistia.org/index.php/ejis/article/view/6172